Friday, 10 October 2014

Eye Treatments, Symptoms, Diagnosis

High Myopia
High myopia is a chronic, degenerative condition, sometimes referred to as pathological myopia or degenerative myopia. It is a very serious condition of extreme myopia that affects  shape of the eye, and finally  leading to near vision loss. Short sight of −8.00D or more is regarded as high myopia; it can go up to is a very significant health problem that is increasing day by day.

Dye Eye Syndrome 
Dry eye syndrome is caused by a chronic lack of sufficient lubrication and moisture on the surface of the is a condition in which quality or quantity of tears is decreasing.

Dry Eye Symptoms
  • Persistent dryness
  • Scratchiness
  • Red eyes
  • Burning sensation
  • Foreign body sensation
Dry eye syndrome has many causes. It occurs as a part of the natural aging process (especially during menopause in women) and also  as a side effect of many medications, such as antihistamines, antidepressants, certain blood pressure medicines etc.
Bulging Eyes
Bulging eyes is the abnormal protrusion (bulging out) of one or both eyeballs.Bulging in only one eye of a child is a particularly serious sign. Seek medical attention immediately.

Causes of Bulging Eyes
  • Glaucoma
  • Graves disease
  • Hemangioma
  • Histiocytosis
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Leukemia 
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Orbital cellulitis 
  • Periorbital cellulitis 
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma
  • Vascular disorders
Treatment for Bulging Eyes
Any treatment for bulging eyes will depend entirely on the cause, but may include:
  • Eye drops
  • Sunglasses
  • Corticosteroids to ease inflammation
  • Surgical procedures to repair damaged arteries and veins
  • Surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation to treat tumors

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Sunday, 31 August 2014

Cateracts- Symptoms, Causes ..

1 What is  cataract?

Cataract is a clouding of the lens inside the eye  that affects vision. it's the foremost common reason for visual impairment and might be treated with surgery. Visual loss happens due to some conditions of the lens that obstructs light-weight from passing and being targeted on the tissue layer at the rear of the attention.

Mostly cataracts are associated with aging. Cataracts are quite common in older peoples.

Those with cataracts usually expertise problem in appreciating colours and changes in distinction, driving, reading, recognizing faces, and handling glare from bright lights.

A cataract will occur in either or each eyes.

What is lens?

The lens may be a clear a part of the attention used for focussing light, or a picture, on the retina. The retina is that the photosensitive tissue at the back of the eye.

In a normal eye, light passes from the clear lens to the retina. Once it reaches the tissue layer, light is modified into nerve signals that are sent to the brain.

The lens should be clear for the tissue layer to receive an exect  image. If the lens is cloudy from a cataract, the image you see are blurred.

Are there alternative kinds of cataract?

Yes.there are 2 alternative kinds of cataract:

1 Secondary cataract

2 Traumatic cataract

3 innate cataract

4 Radiation cataract

What causes cataracts?

The lens lies behind the iris and the pupil. It works very similar to a optical lens. It focuses light-weight onto the tissue layer at the rear of the attention, wherever an image is recorded. The lens also adjusts the eye's focus, letting us see things clearly both up close and far away. The lens is made of mostly water and protein. The protein is arranged in a precise way that keeps the lens clear and lets light pass through it.

When are you possibly to possess a cataract?

Cateract in the main happens in older ages, individuals will have cataract in their ages of 40s and 50s. however throughout time of life, most cataracts ar tiny and don't have an effect on vision. it's when age sixty that almost all cataracts steal vision.

What are the symptoms of cataract?

1 Cloudy or muzzy vision.
2 Colours appear pale.
3 Glare, Headlights, lamps, or daylight might seem too bright.
4 Poor twilight vision.
5 visual impairment or multiple pictures in one eye. (This symptom might clear once the cataract gets larger.)
6 Frequent changes in your eyeglasses or contact lenses.

These symptoms can also be a symptom of alternative eye issues. If you've got any of those symptoms, better to consult an opthalmologist

How may be a cataract treated?

The symptoms of early cataract are often improved with new eyeglasses, brighter lighting, anti-glare shades, or magnifying lenses. If these measures don't facilitate, surgery is that the solely effective treatment. Surgery involves removing the cloudy lens and exchange it with a synthetic lens.

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Tuesday, 1 July 2014

Bulged eyes

Eyes play an important role as it takes us to all the beautiful things in the world, whether it is good or bad to enjoy.Eyes co ordinate the works done by human body easily.Some people have normal eyes by birth where as some others are born with disordered eyes. As time passes, various other reasons may also lead to disordered eye like bulging eye, color blindness,retinal detachment,visual disturbances, dry eyes, watery eyes,eye redness, cataract,conjunctivitis etc.

Bulged Eye
When the eyes protrude out of the normal position , it become bulged eyes.This condition is termed as Protosis or Exophthalmos and it needs immediate medical treatments especially if it is seen in children. Appearance of visible white above the top of the iris and below the upper eyelid is a sign of eye bulging.        

Some of the causes for eye bulging includes

  • Glaucoma
  • Graves’ disease
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Leukemia
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Retinoblastoma
  • Hemorrhages behind the eye

Treatment available
Bulged eye should be treated properly.Both surgical and non-surgical treatments are available. In surgical treatment fatty tissue is removed and this is preferred only if the eyes are highly bulged.In non-surgical treatment facial filler like restylane is injected around the eye socket to build bony socket.Orbital decompression surgery may also be done for prominent eyes.

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Saturday, 15 February 2014

Myopia or Short Sight Treatment in Tamil Nadu


Nearsightedness (myopia) may be a condition that forestalls an individual's eye from clearly seeing the objects settled at so much distances. The myopic eye doesn't focus the image on the particular space of the membrane, however focuses it a head of the membrane instead. As a result, the image seems blurred as a result of a discrepancy between the strength of the attention’s optical system and therefore the length of the eye. As a rule, the myopic eye has Associate in Nursing eyeball exaggerated in size (axial myopia), though this eye downside can even occur as a result of excessive strength of its refracting equipment (index myopia). the larger this discrepancy is, the upper nearsightedness seems.

Degrees of shortsightedness:

Ophthalmologists distinguish many sorts of myopia:
1.low (up to three.0D),
2.medium (from three.25 up to 6.0D),
3.high (more than 6D). High shortsightedness will reach sizeable numbers: fifteen, 20, 30D and a lot of.
Myopic individuals want glasses to examine clearly at a so much distance and in several cases even at a more in-depth distance (when shortsightedness exceeds 6-8 diopters or more). Sadly, glasses don't perpetually with success correct a person’s vision, that deals with either dystrophic or different sorts of changes within the layers of a myopic eye.

Myopia is noninheritable or will develop in course of your time. Generally it will increase or progress. A myopic person will see even tiny details at a detailed distance, however the farther the item is found, the less clearly an individual will see it. Any nearsightedness correction aims at weakening the strength of a refracting equipment in such the way that might enable a picture to be centered on the precise space of the tissue layer (i.e. to return “back to normal”).

Usually shortsightedness is a mid of the attention ball enlargement inflicting tissue layer stretching. The upper shortsightedness is degree of the upper and also the risk of retinal issues.

Myopic individuals want glasses to examine clearly at a so much distance and in several cases even at a more in-depth distance (when shortsightedness exceeds 6-8 diopters or more). Sadly, glasses don't perpetually with success correct a person’s vision, that deals with either dystrophic or different sorts of changes within the layers of a myopic eye.

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